Literary Works


Nixon Mathew

            St Kuriakose Elias Chavara was a literary genius who is considered as the apostle of Christian literature in his time. His contributions can be divided into two categories namely literary (poetic) writings and spiritual writings. 

Compunction of Heart (Atmanutapam)

            Written in epic (Mahakavyam) style, Compunction of Heart (Atmanutapam) is the most significant work of Kurikoose Elias Chavara. The book treats life of Jesus from birth to ascension into heaven and life of Mary from ascension of Jesus to assumption of Mary into heaven. The main significance of this is the self-reflection of Chavara Kuriakose which has been beautifully entwine in the work.

Dirge (Parvam/Pana)

            Keeping in mind the custom of relatives and friends keeping vigil around the dead body of a family member, Dirge was written in order to sing loud on occasion like this. Rather than emphasizing on the suffering in purgatory, our attitude towards the dead is given importance.. In order to inspire the listeners to be kind towards the dead, the poem contains ten parables.

Martyrdom of Anastasia

            The story of St. Anastasia who suffered martyrdom under Emperor Valerian has been written in beautiful poetic form. It is a minor epic (Khandakavyam). It is written in boat song (vancipatt) style .

Meditation Colloquies (Dhyanasallapangal)

            It was a sort of spiritual diary which he wrote between 1866 and 1868. The book is a standing testimony to the fact that Chavara was a master of spirituality and attained highest levels of mystical experience.

Oru Nalla Appante Chavarul (Malayalam)

            St Chavara had written a letter to his parishners at Kainakary. It contains lots of exhortations which are to be practiced in Christian families.


            Under the title of “Mannanam Nalagangal” Fr Chavara recorded all the events that had been taken place during his time and it explain before us the personality of St Chavara.


            Fr Chavara had written 10 eclogues or liturgical dramas in 1859. The first Indian drama is Neeldarpan was published in the year 1860.  So, he can be considered the father of Indian drama particularly Malayalam drama.

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